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A B A X. C TPHPA


PAE EPB. O T B E T C T B E H H O C T 

PABO 81. OAHHOCT  PABA

A. OAH CTATC
 C BETC OAHM PECTABTEEM OPAHATOPOB.
B. OPAHEH  OTBETCTBEHHOCT
 1. TEXHECKOE PKOBOCTBO
 C OTBETCTBEHEH A TEXHECKOE PKOBOCTBO TPHPOM.
 2. COEHE PAB  PEAMEHTA
 C OPAHEH AHHM KOEKCOM  OOHTEHM
PEAMEHTAM, OBEHHM OPAHATOPAM.
C. OAHHOCT  PABA C
 OAHHOCT  PABA C OHO BKAT B CE CEEE:
 1. ACCCTEHT
 HAHAAT ACCCTEHTOB, EC TPEETC,  COHEH CBOX
 OAHHOCTE.
 2. OCK: PHMAT  PECTPPOBAT ACTHKOB.
 3. COB P
 CTAHABBAT HAEAE COB P  OBT X ACTHKAM.
 4. CHA
 OEPBAT CH  OECEBAT HOPMAHOE TEEHE P.
 5. PABA
 PMEHT  TOKOBAT KOEKC  ABAT POKAM PACHEH O X
 PABAM  OTBETCTBEHHOCT O TOM OKMEHT.
 6. OK
 CPABT E OK  OTKOHEH, O KOTOPX EM M
 COCOOM CTAHOBTC BECTHO B TEEHE BPEMEH KOPPEK,
 CTAHOBEHHOO B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 79C.
 7. HAKAAH: HAHAAT HAKAAH, KOA HEOXOMO.
 8. OCBOOEHE OT HAKAAH
 OCBOOAT OT OOEHHOO HAKAAH, EC  HEO ECT CBOOA
 BOPA  EC TOO TPEET HEHAPBA CTOPOHA.
 9. COP: PAPEAT COP  EPEABAT, KOA TPEETC, COPHE EA B
 COOTBETCTBE KOMTET.
 10. PETAT: COPAT PETAT  TAPOBAT X.
 11. OKA: OKABAT PETAT OPAHATOPAM  OAHO PECTPA.
D. EEPOBAHE OAHHOCTE
 C MOET BOOT   OAHHOCTE, EPECEHHX B C.,
 ACCCTEHTAM, HO OH HE OCBOOAETC TM OT OTBETCTBEHHOCT A X
 PABHOE BOHEHE.

PABO 82. CPABEHE POEPHX OOK

A. OAHHOCT C
 OAHHOCT C BETC CPABEHE POEPHX OOK 
 OEPAHE TEEH P COCOOM, HE POTBOPEAM AHHOM KOEKC.
B. CPABEHE OK
  CPABEH OK B POEPE C MOET:
 1. PCEHE KOMEHCPEO PETATA
 PCT KOMEHCP PETAT B COOTBETCTB C AHHM KOEKCOM.
 2. OPEEEHE BPEMEH P: OTPEOBAT  OTOT POP CA.
C. OK C
 EC C PH PEEHE, KOTOPOE OH  ABH C BOCE-
 CTB OPEE KAK HEPABHOE,  EC HKAKOE CPABEHE HE
OBOET CTAHOBT B CAE HOPMAH PETAT, TO OH OAH PCT
KOMEHCP PETAT, PACCMATPBA OE CTOPOH KAK HEHAPBE.

PABO 83. BEOMEHE O PABE HA AE

EC C CTAET, TO BOMOEH EPECMOTP EO PEEH O AKTAM
  COOBAH PABA BOPA (KAK, HAPMEP, EC OH PCAET
 KOMEHCP PETAT B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 12), OH OAH
 COOT ACTHK O EO PABE HA AE.

PAE BTOPO.  P  H  T  E P E  E H  

PABO 84. PHTE PEEH O COACOBAHHM AKTAM

EC C BBAH  PHT PEEH O HKTAM PAB 
 PEAMEHTA, B KOTOPX AKT COACOBAH, OH OAH ECTBOBAT
 CEM OPAOM:
A. E HAKAAH
 EC HAKAAHE PABOM HE PECMOTPEHO  HET OCHOBAH COOBAT
 PABO BOPA, OH PEAAET POKAM POOT TOPOB  P.
B. HAKAAHE O PAB
 EC CA EKOM OAAET O PABO, KOTOPOE OPEEET HAKAAHE
 A HAPEHE, OH HAHAAET TO HAKAAHE  CET A EO COHEHEM.
C. BOP POKAM
 EC PABO AET POK BOP HAKAAH, C OCHET
 BOMOHOCT  CET, TO HAKAAHE O BPAHO  COHEHO.
D. BOP CE
 EC PABO AET CE BOP ME OPEEEHHM HAKAAHEM
  PCEHEM KOMEHCPEO PETATA, OH TAETC BOCCTAHOBT
 CPABEBOCT, TPAKT OE COMHEHE B O HEHAPBE CTOPOH.
E. HAKAAHE O CMOTPEH
 EC COC OTKOHEHE, A KOTOPOE PABOM HE PECMOTPEHO
 HAKAAHE, C PCAET KOMEHCP PETAT, EC CECTBET
 AE MEPEHHA BOMOHOCT, TO HEHAPBE CTOPOHE HAHECEH
EP, BEOM HAPB CTOPOH O EE PABE HA AE.

PABO 85. PHTE PEEH O OCAPBAEMM AKTAM

EC C BBAH  PEEH O HKTAM PAB  PEAMEHTA,
 B KOTOPX AKT HE COACOBAH, OH OAH ECTBOBAT CEM OPAOM:
A. OEHKA C
 EC C EEH, TO OH PAOPAC B AKTAX, OH PHMAET
 PEEHE KAK B PABE 84.
B. AKT HE CTAHOBEH
 EC C HE B COCTOH CTAHOBT AKT OBETBOPTEHM
  CE OPAOM, OH OAH PHT PEEHE, KOTOPOE OBOT
 POOT P,  BEOMT POKOB O X PABE HA AE.

PAE TPET. K O P P E K    H A P   E H  

PABO 86. B KOMAHHO PE

A. CPEH PETAT B PE HA M'
 EC C EAET BOP B O PCEH CKCCTBEHHOO
 KOMEHCPEO PETATA B 60% (CM.PABO 84) HEHAPBEM
ACTHK B PE HA M', TOT PETAT COCTABET 3 M'A.
B. HECAAHCPOBAHH PCEHH PETAT B PE C BBAHEM
 EC C HAHAAET HECAAHCPOBAHH KOMEHCP PETAT
 (CM.PABO 12C) B PE C BBAHEM, PETAT KAOO ACTHKA
 B CAE BCETC PAEHO. CPEHEE  BX PETATOB ATEM
 HAHAAETC OOM ACTHKAM.
C. AMEHEHHA CAA
 CE HE CEET OOBATC CBOM PABOM, AHHM EM PABOM 6,
 O EPECAE OHO CA, KOA OKOHATEH PETAT MATA E
TO CA MO  T BECTEH ACTHK. BMECTO TOO OH PCAET
 KOMEHCP PETAT.

PABO 87. COPEHHA CAA

A. OPEEEHE
 CAA CTAETC "COPEHHO", EC C OPEEET, TO
 OHA  OEE KAPT HEBEPHO PAMEEH B KOPOKE TAKM OPAOM, TO
 ACTHK, PETAT KOTOPX CEOBAO  HAPM CPABHBAT,
 HE CPA T CA B OHAKOBOM BE.
B. PETAT COPEHHO CA
 P OCETE PETATA C, O BOMOHOCT, TOHO OPEEET,
 KAKE AC  CEAH B CAE B EE PABHOM BE, A KAKE B
 MEHEHHOM. OH HA TO OCHOBE PAEET PETAT HA BE P
  PACTBAET KA P OTEHO, KAK PECAHO OPAHATOPAM.

PAE ETBEPT. H A K A  A H  

PABO 88. PCEHE KOMEHCPX HKTOB
 
 KOA HEHAPBEM ACTHK APHOO  HBAHOO TPHPA
 HE O EO BHE  BOP HHO OT CKCCTBEHH KOMEHCP
 PETAT, TO TAKOM ACTHK HEOXOMO PCT MHMM 60% 
MATHKTOB, OCTMX B TO CAE, O OEHH B PEAHO 
CPAHHX CAAX CECC POEHT MATHKTOB, EC OH OE 60%.

PABO 89. HAKAAH B HBAHX TPHPAX

 B HBAHX TPHPAX C OAH PMEHT HAKAATEHE
 OOEH AHHOO KOEKCA  OOEH, TPEE PCEH
 KOMEHCPEO PETATA, B PABHO MEPE K OOM POKAM HAPBE
 CTOPOH, AE EC OTBETCTBEHHOCT A HAPEHE HECET TOKO OH
 HX. HO P PCEH KOMEHCPEO PETATA C HE
OAH PMEHT OOEH CHAPHOO HAKAAH K APTHEP
HAPTE, EC, O MHEH C, OH HE OTBETCTBEHEH A HAPEHE.

PABO 90. POEPHE HAKAAH

A. OHOMO C
 C B OOHEHE K PMEHEH HAKAATEHX OOEH AHHOO
 KOEKCA MOET TAKE HAKABAT HAKAAH A E HAPEH,
KOTOPE PEMEPHO ATBAT  ATPHT P, COAT HEOCTBA
PM ACTHKAM, HAPAT KOPPEKTH POEP  TPET
PCEH KOMEHCPEO PETATA HA POM CTOE.
B. HAPEH, OEAE HAKAAH: HAPEH, OEAE 
HAKAAH, BKAT, HO HE OPAHBATC CEM:
 1. OOAHE: PTE ACTHKA OCE OOBOPEHHOO BPEMEH HAAA.
 2. MEEHHA PA: A HEOOCHOBAHHO MEEHHA PA ACTHKA.
 3. POMKOE OCEHE: OE OCEHE TOPOB, P  PETATA
 CA, KOTOPOE MOET T CAHO A PM CTOOM.
 4. CPABHEHE PETATOB:
 OE CPABHEHE PETATOB C PM ACTHKOM BO BPEM CECC.
 5. KACAHE KAPT POO POKA:
 OE PKOCHOBEHE K KAPTAM  EPEMEEHE KAPT, PHAEAX
 POM POK (PABO 7).
 6. HEPABHOE PAMEEHE KAPT B KOPOKE:
 OMEEHE OHO  OEE KAPT B HEPABH KAPMAH KOPOK.
 7. OK B POEPE:
 A POEPHA OKA (TAKA KAK HEBOHEHE EPECETA
KAPT PK, POP HEBEPHO CA  T..), KOTOPA TPEET
 KOMEHCPEO PETATA  OO ACTHKA.
 8. HEBOHEHE: OE HEBOHEHE CEOBAH TPHPHM PABAM
  M KAAHM C.

PABO 91. HAKABAT  BPEMEHHO OTCTPAHT

A. PABA C
 P COHEH CBOX OAHHOCTE O OEPAH OPKA 
 CH C HAEETC OCOM OHOMOM O HAHAEH
 CHAPHX HAKAAH B HKTAX  O BPEMEHHOM OTCTPAHEH
 ACTHKA OT P B TEKE CECC  O EE ACT (PEEHE
 C O TOM OBO BETC OKOHATEHM).
 B. PABO CKBAKA
 C HAEETC OCOM OHOMOM CKBAPOBAT
ACTHKA O PHE, COPMPOBAHHO TPHPHM KOMTETOM 
OPAHATOPAM.

  A B A XI. A  E      

PABO 92. PABO HA AE

A. PABO ACTHKA: ACTHK  EO KATAH MOT OAT AE
 HA EPECMOTP OO PEEH, PHTOO CE A CTOOM.
B. BPEM AE: A AE, KAK  PHT CE PEEH,
 TAK  HA PHTOE CE PEEHE, OHA T OAHA B EPO BPEMEH,
CTAHOBEHH B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 79C.
C. KAK OABAT AE: BCE AE CEET OABAT EPE C.
D. COACOBAHHOCT AEHTOB: AE HE OHA ACBATC O 
TEX OP, OKA OA POKA AP (KPOME HBAHX COPEBHOBAH) 
 KATAH KOMAH HE T COACH C AEE. OTCTCTB POK
 OEH PACCMATPBATC KAK COACH.

PABO 93. POEPA AE

A. AEOHH KOMTET OTCTCTBET
 ABH C OAH ACBAT BCE AE  PHMAT O HM PEEH,
 EC TPHPH  AEOHH KOMTET OTCTCTBT, A TAKE KOA
 KOMTET HE MOET COPATC, HE HAPA CTAHOBEHHOO OPKA TPHPA.
B. AEOHH KOMTET HAECTBET
 EC KOMTET MEETC:
 1. AE KACAETC PABA
 ABH C OAH ACBAT  PHMAT PEEH O TO
 ACT AE, KOTOPA OTHOCTC CKTEHO K PAB 
 PEAMEHTA. HA EO PEEHE MOET T OAHA AE B KOMTET.
 2. BCE OCTAHE AE
 ABH C OAH EPEABAT BCE OCTAHE AE B
 KOMTET  BHECEH PEEH.
 3. BHECEHE PEEH O AE
 P BHECEH PEEH O AEM KOMTET MOET COOBAT
 BCE PABA, AHHE HACTOM KOEKCOM CE, A CKEHEM
 TOO, TO KOMTET HE MOET MEHT PEEHE C O HKTAM
 PABA  PEAMEHTA,  O PMEHEH M CHAPHX
 PAB. KOMTET MOET PEKOMEHOBAT CE MEHT CBOE PEEHE.
C. AE B HAOHAH OPAHA
 OCE TOO, KAK BE EPECEHHE CPECTBA CEPAH, AHEA
 AE MOET T EPEAHA B HAOHAH OPAHA.

 O  O  H E H  

1. OOHEH BCEMPHO EEPA

 1.1. PABO 87 CEET PMEHT  K CA, KOA OHAPEHO,
 TO CAA, PABAC HA BX CTOAX C PMM CPABHEHEM PETATOB,
 CPAHA HA TX CTOAX C PAHO MAPKPOBKO (CA, OHAHOCT).
 1.2. B PABE 43B2(C) - CO CCKO HA PABO 64 - HAKAAHE
 OPEEEHO B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 64 B BE BTK (P COXPAHEH
 PHA, TO BTKA C HAPEHEM  OCEE BTK HAPBE
 CTOPOH OH T BPAH B OCTATOHOM  EPEA KOECTBE).
 1.3. B PABE 12C2 OABEHO PMEAHE:
 "AEOHH KOMTET MOET BAPPOBAT HAHAEHH
KOMEHCP PETAT  OCTEH CPABEBOCT".
 AHHOE PMEAHE OTHOCTC TOKO K AEOHHM KOMTETAM;
 C OH PMEHT PABO 12C2 B CECTBEM BE.
 1.4. OABEH HKT 63A4:
 "BHMAHE PBEEHO HEAKOHHO
 KOA APTHEP CEABEO APEHOHC ( PTE, K KOTOPOM
PMEH ETC PABO 11C2) PBEKAET BHMAHE K APEHOHC COCOOM,
POT BOPEAM TPEOBAHM AHHOO KOEKCA"
 1.5. P COOBAH H-OKCOB PMEHTC CEE PABA:
 ABKA CTAETC CEAHHO, KO CKOPO H-KAPTA BTAEHA 
 H-OKCA C OEBHM HAMEPEHEM. POK OAH PAPET CBO
COMHEH O TOO, KAK OH PKOCHETC C KAKO-O H-KAPTE.
KOEAHE ME HAHAEHM, COPOBOAEMOE PKOCHOBEHEM K H-
KAPTAM, OET HAKAAH B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 16 - 
HECAHKOHPOBAHHA HOPMA.
 ABKA MOET T MEHEHA B COOTBETCTB C PABOM 24 TOKO P
 OHOBPEMEHHOM BOHEH TPEX COB:
 - POK ECEHO (HEMEHHO) BTA HEPABH H-KAPT
 - POK OPABETC ( TAETC OPABTC) E A HA PAMEH
 - POK COXPAHET ECK KOHTAKT C H-KAPTO BOT
 O CBOE OTK KOPPEK (H-KAPTA MOET  KOCHTC CTOA,
 HO POK HE OEH EE BCTT EE  PK).
 1.6. CEAHO CEEE OOHEHE K PAB 61B: B OCEHEM
PEOEH, HAHAEMC CO COB "ATHK MOET CPOCT", ME
COBAM "HO"  "HE" BCTABTC COBA ", PABE TOKO OHAHE OPAHA
CAHKOHPT TO". KPOME TOO, COACOBAHO, TO OHAHE OPAHA MOT
EEPOBAT PEEHE O TOM BOPOC HAOHAHM OPAHAM.
 1.7. K PAB 63A OABEH HKT 4:
 "4. BHMAHE PBEEHO HEAKOHHO
 BHMAHE PBEEHO HEAKOHHO, EC MEO MECTO HAPEHE PABA 61B"

2. OOHEH EBPOECKO 
 2.1. BBEEHO OHTE "OCOO CKCCTBEHHX CCTEM" (TAKX, KAK HAPMEP, 
CCTEM C CHM ACOM, CCTEM C ATEPHATBHM HAEHM OTKPT  T..).
 2.2. B APHX TPHPAX, A TAKE B KOMAHHX P KOECTBE CA
 MEHEM 16-T, APEEHO COOBAHE OCOO CKCCTBEHHX CCTEM,
A TAKE CAX (MEHEE 10- HKTOB E KOMEHCA) OTKPT HA 1-OM POBHE
 2.3. B CAE AKOHHOO COOBAH OCOO CKCCTBEHHX CCTEM
 OOHEHT MET PABO OOBATC ACM (C POTOBEHHO OPO
 POTB TO CCTEM). KPOME TOO, OH MOT HE MEHT CBO AP (
AP) HA 2- OOBH MATA (T.E. B TAKOM CAE OCKAETC OBTOPHA
BCTPEA POTBHKOB BO BTOPO OOBHE MATA).
 2.4. P COOBAH H-OKCOB B OOHEHE K HKT 1.5 PE-
 EO APAPAA TOHEHO, TO HEOCTMA AMEHA HAAX
ABOK HA HEHAAE  HAOOPOT.
 2.5. B OHE 1 (EBPOA) PHTO HE PAPEAT OHOM ATHK AABAT
 POM BOPOC O BOMOHOM APEHOHCE (B COOTBECTB C HKTOM 1.6,
 PBEEHHM BE).

3. OOHEH, PHTE B COBETCKOM COE
 3.1. B COBETCKOM COE CECTBET BA TA TPHPOB:
 - "OAHE"
 - "OPHE".
 "OAHM" BTC BCE TPHP, HA KOTOPX PAPBATC "OE" 
MACTEPCKE A, A KPOME TOO - O TPHP O CMOTPEH OPAHATOPOB;
 OCTAHE TPHP BTC "OPHM".
 3.2. HA "OAHX" TPHPAX OCE POPA EPBO BTK POKAM
 HE PAPEAETC AABAT BOPOC O HAEH KAK TOPOB B EOM, TAK 
OTEHX ABOK.
 3.3. HA "OAHX" TPHPAX OCE OKOHAH TOPOB  EPE EP-
 BM XOOM PAPBA ( OBAH) OAH CKOPPEKTPOBAT
OOHE OCHEH CBOEO APTHEPA - E BOBA C.


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