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A B A VII. PABA P


PABO 72. OE PH

A. COEHE KOEKCA
 1. OE OAHHOCT ACTHKOB
 TPHP O KATHOM P OH POBOTC B TOHOM
 COOTBETCTB C KOEKCOM.
 2. OCET BPAHHX BTOK
 POK HE OOAET COHATEHO PHMAT O AC A BTK,
 KOTOP EO CTOPOHA HE BPAA, O CTK BTK, KOTOP
 OOHEHT HE MO OTEPT.
 3. OTKA OT HAKAAH
 B KATHX TPHPAX POK HE MOET O COCTBEHHO HATBE
 OTBEPAT HAKAAHE A HAPEH OOHEHTOB, AE EC OH
 BCTBET, TO EPA HE O (HO OH MOET POCT C
 CEAT TO - CM.PABO 81C8).
 4. COOBAHE HEHAPBE CTOPOHO AKOHHOO BOPA
 EC KOEKC PEOCTABET HEBHOBHO CTOPOHE BOP OCE OTKO-
 HEH, COBEPEHHOO OOHEHTAM, THO BPAT HAOEE
BOHOE ECTBE.
 5. BOP HAPTEM
 OCE TOO, KAK HAPBA CTOPOHA OHECA PECAHHOE HAKAAHE
 A HEMEHHOE HAPEHE,  HAPTEE THO CEAT 
 ABK  CPAT BOHM  CBOE CTOPOH OPAOM, AE EC
 OKAETC, TO OH OCPECTBOM TOO BEK O  CBOEO
 HAPEH.
 6. OTBETCTBEHHOCT A COEHE KOEKCA
 OTBETCTBEHHOCT A HAKAAHE A OTKOHEHE OT KOPPEKTHO
 POEP  A BOMEEHE EPA ET CKTEHO HA CE
  KOEKCE, HO HE HA CAMX POKAX.
B. HAPEHE PABA
 1. HAMEPEHHOE
 MEHHOE HECOEHE OO PABA BETC CEPEHM
 HAPEHEM PAB P, AE EC ECT PECAHHOE HAKAAHE,
 KOTOPOE HAPTE OTOB OHECT. HAPEHE MOET T EE OEE
 CEPEHM, EC HAKAAHE HE PECAHO.
 2. HEMEHHOE HAPEHE
 HE CECTBET OAHHOCT PBEKAT BHMAHE K HEMEHHOM
 HAPEH PABA, COBEPEHHOM CBOE CTOPOHO, (HO CM.CHOCK
 K PAB 75 O OOHOM OCHEH).
 3. COKPTE HAPEH
 POK HE OEH TATC CKPT HEMEHHOE HAPEHE,
HAPMEP, COBEPEHEM BTOPOO APEHOHCA, COKPTEM KAPT
APEHOHCA,  PEEBPEMEHHM EPEMEBAHEM KAPT.

PABO 73. OEHE APTHEPOB

A. OOAEE OEHE APTHEPOB
 1. KAK OCECTBETC
 OEHE APTHEPOB BO BPEM TOPOB  P OHO OCECTBT-
 C TOKO OCPECTBOM ABOK  CAMO P.
 2. KOPPEKTHA MAHEPA ABOK  P
 ABK  PA OH EATC E CEAHOO OEPKBAH,
 MAHEPHOCT  MEHEH HTOHA,  E PEMEPHO CEK
 KOEAH (OHAKO, OPAHATOP MOT OTPEOBAT OATEHE
 A, KAK HAPMEP, HA EPBOM KPE TOPOB,  OCE PE-
 PEEH O PKOBX HAHAEHX,  B EPBO BTKE).
B. HEOOAEE OEHE APTHEPOB
 1. BOHA  OHO CTOPOH HOPMA
 OEHE APTHEPOB HE OOAET OCECTBT OCPECTBOM MAHEP,
 B KOTOPO EATC ABK  PA,  OCPECTBOM OCTOPOHHX
 AMEAH  ECTOB,  OCPECTBOM BOPOCOB, AABAEMX
  HE AABAEMX OOHEHTAM, OCPECTBOM AEPTOB  OCHEH,
 ABAEMX  HE ABAEMX M.
 2. APAHEE OOBOPEHHOE OEHE
 PEM  BOMOHX HAPEH PAB P BETC
OMEH HOPMAE ME APTHEPAM OCPECTBOM APAHEE PMAHHX
 METOOB OEH, OTHX OT CAHKOHPOBAHHX AHHM KOEKCOM.
 HAAAEMOE A HAPEHE HAKAAHE - TO OHO CKBAKA.
C. POK OAET HECAHKOHPOBAHH HOPMA OT APTHEPA
 KOA POK CTA OAATEEM OEHO  HEO HECAHKOHPOBAHHO
HOPMA, BEEHHO  AMEAH, BOPOCA, OCHEH, ECTA,
 MAHEPHOCT, OCOOO OEPKBAH, MEHEH HTOHA, OCEHOCT
  KOEAH APTHEPA, OH OEH TATEHO EAT OEH
KAKOO-O PEMECTBA, KOTOPOE EO CTOPOHA MOA  BE  TOO.
D. BAPA B TEME
 1. HEMEHHE BAPA
 BAPA TEMA, MAHEP  T.. MOT HAPAT PABA P,
 KOA POK MO  B MOMEHT COBEPEH CBOE AK HAT, TO
 BAPA MOT CPAOTAT B EO O. HAE, HEMEHHOE
 BAPPOBAHE TEMA  MAHEP, B KOTOPX EATC ABK  PA,
 CAMO O CEE HE COCTABET HAPEH PAB P, HO
 AKEH  TAKO BAPA OOAM OPAOM MOT BEKATC
 TOKO OOHEHTAM  HA X COCTBEHH PCK.
 2. HAMEPEHHE BAPA
 KPAHE HE THO TATC PO BBECT OOHEHTA B AEHE
 OCPECTBOM AMEAH  ECTA, OCEHOCT 
KOEAHM
 B ABKE  PE (KAK HAPMEP, KOEAH C CHETOM) 
 MAHEPO, B KOTOPO EAETC ABKA  PA.
E. OMAH
 O POK OOAM OPAOM MOET TATC OMAHT OOHEHTA
 ABKO  PO (O TEX OP, OKA OMAH HE OOPMETC CKPTM
 BAMOOHMAHEM APTHEPOB). COBEPEHHO PCTOHO EAT
EPEA HOPMA OOHEHTAM COBEPEHEM BCEX ABOK  P, HE
MEH TEM  MAHEP.
F. POE HAPEHE PAB P
 KOA POE HAPEHE PAB P, OCAHHOE B TOM
PABE, PBOT K EP  HEBHOBHOO OOHEHTA:
 1. POK ECTBET HA OCHOBE HECAHKOHPOBAHHO HOPMA
 EC C OPEEET, TO POK CPE OECK ATEPHATBHX
 ECTB BPA OHO, KOTOPOE PEOHHO MOO T PEOTTEHE
 O CPABHEH C PM -A AMEAH, MAHEP, TEMA  T..,
 EM CEET PCT KOMEHCP PETAT (CM.PABO 16).
 2. POK, OCTPAAB OT HEEAHO HOPMA
 EC C OPEEET, TO HEBHOBH POK CEA HEPABHE
 BBO  OMAHHX ECTB (AMEAH, MAHEP, TEMA  T..)
 OOHEHTA, KOTOP MO HAT B MOMEHT COBEPEH TAKOO ECTB,
 TO OMAH MOET CPAOTAT B EO O, C OAH PCT
 KOMEHCP PETAT (CM.PABO 12).

PABO 74. OBEEHE  TKET

A. OOAEE OTHOEHE
 1. BEBOCT
 POK BCE BPEM CEET PEPBATC BEBOO OBEEH.
 2. TKET COB  ECTB
 POK CEET TATEHO EAT X AMEAH  ECTB,
 KOTOPE MO  CTAT PHO PAPAEH  CMEH POO
 POKA  MO  OMEAT OEH OBOCTB OT P.
 3. COEHE KOPPEKTHX POEP
 KAOM POK CEET PEPBATC HEMEHHO  KOPPEKTHO
 POEP B ABKAX  PE, T.K. OE OTCTEHE OT PHTX
 CTAHAPTOB MOET HAPT OPAHOBAHHOE TEEHE P.
B. TKET
  COOPAEH BEBOCT POK OAH BOEPBATC OT:
 1. EEH PE HEOCTATOHOO BHMAH;
 2. ECOEHX KOMMEHTAPEB BO BPEM TOPOB  P;
 3. BTACKBAH KAPT  PK O TOO, KAK HACTT EO OEPE
 PAT;
 4. ATBAH P E HEOXOMOCT (KAK, HAPMEP, P PO-
 OEH P, XOT OH HAET, TO BCE OCTABEC BTK EO)
 C E COAH HEOCTB OOHEHT;
 5. BOBA C B HEBEBO O OTHOEH K HEM  PM
 ACTHKAM OPME.
C. HECOEHE PAB P
 HECEEE PACCMATPBAETC KAK HECOEHE PAB
P:
 1. COOBAHE PAHX HAMEHOBAH  OHX  TEX E
ABOK;
 2. BPAEHE OOPEH  HEOOPEH ABKE  PE;
 3. BPAEHE OAH  HAMEPEH BPA BTK, KOTOPA
EE HE ABEPEHA;
 4. KOMMEHTPOBAHE  BOHEHE ECTB BO BPEM TOPOB
 P  TOO, TO PBEKAT BHMAHE K HEKOEM CECTBEHHOM
COT  K C BTOK, HEOXOMOM  OCTEH CEXA;
 5. HAMEPEHHOE HAEHE A M PM POKOM BO BPEM
TOPOB  P,  A PKO POO POKA C E BET EO KAPT
  AMETT MECTO,  KOTOPOO OH BHMAET KAPT (HO BETC
 PHM ECTBOBAT HA OCHOBE HOPMA, OEHHO
HEMEHHM BEHEM KAPT OOHEHTA (*));
 6. EMOHCTPA OEBHOO OTCTCTB HTEPECA K AHEEM B
 CAE (KAK HAPMEP, POCAHEM KAPT);
 7. BAPPOBAHE HOPMAHOO TEMA TOPOB  P C E
COAH HEOCTB PM POKAM;
 8. XO -A CTOA E HAOHOCT O KOHA TPA.
(*)CM. PABO 73D2, KOA POK MO OKAAT CBO KAPT HAMEPEHHO

PABO 75. COAEH APTHEPOB

A. OCOE COAEH APTHEPOB
OCOE COAEH APTHEPOB - BHE  HEBHE - OH T CBOOHO
OCTH OOHEHTAM (CM.PABO 40). HOPMA, EPEABAEMA 
APTHEP OCPECTBOM TAKX COAEH, OHA POCTEKAT  ABOK,
P  COB TEKE CA.
B. POE HAPEHE COAEH APTHEPOB
 POK PCTOHO HAPAT OBEHHE COAEH APTHEPOB O
TEX OP, OKA EO APTHEP HE OOPEBAET O HAPEH (HO PBHE
HAPEH BHTP APTHEPCTBA MOT COPMPOBAT HEBHE COAEH,
KOTOPE OH T PACKPT). H OH POK HE MEET OATECTB
PACKPBAT OOHEHTAM, TO OH HAP OBEHHOE COAEHE;  EC
OOHEHTAM BOCECTB ET PHEH EP, KAK HAPMEP, HA OCHOBE
OHX BBOOB  TAKOO HAPEH, M HE AHO PABA HA BOMEEHE.
C. OTBET HA BOPOC O COAEHX APTHEPOB
 OCH HAEHE ABOK  P APTHEPA B OTBET HA BOPOC
 OOHEHTA (CM.PABO 20), POK OAH PACKPT BC OCO HOPMA,
 EPEABAEM EM OCPECTBOM COAEH APTHEPOB  COBMECTHOO
APTHEPCKOO OTA, HO OH HE OAH PACKPBAT BBOOB, BEEHHX 
EO OEO PEBOO OTA  HAH.
D. KOPPEK OOK B OCHEH
 1. OCH AMEAET COCTBEHH OK
 EC POK BOCECTB OCOHAET, TO EO COCTBEHHOE OCHEHE
 O OOHM  HEOHM, OH OEH HEMEEHHO BBAT
C (KOTOP PMEHT PABO 21  PABO 40C).
 2. OKA AMEEHA APTHEPOM OCHEO
 POK, APTHEP KOTOPOO A OOHOE OCHEHE, HE OOAET
 KOPPEKTPOBAT OK HEMEEHHO, O AKTEHOO ACA TOP-
 OB  O OKOHAH POPA, EC OH ATHK; EM TAKE
 HE OOAET M OPAOM OOHAAT, TO A CEAHA OKA
 (OH HE OEH BEKAT BO  HECAHKOHPOBAHHO HOPMA,
 OEHHO TAKM OPAOM). OHAKO POK OEH POHOPMPOBAT
 OOHEHTOB OCE BOBA C, TO OCHEHE EO APTHEPA
 O OOHM, P EPBEE AKOHHO BOMOHOCT: OCE
 AKTEHOO ACA, EC OH OEH CTAT PAPBAM 
OBAHOM, OCE OKOHAH P, EC OH OEH CTAT ATHKOM(*).
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (*)BA PMEPA MOT POCHT OTBETCTBEHHOCT POKOB ( C),
 OCE BBOEO B AEHE OCHEH, AHHOO OOHEHTAM.
 B OOX OCEX PMEPAX CEBEP OTKP TOPOB ABKO 1K, 
,  KOTOPOO A CAA PKA C HHO HOBO MACT, CEA
HAHAEHE BE H, ME B B CAH-O. CEBEP, OHAKO, OCHET B
OTBET HA BOPOC AAA, TO HAHAEHE A CHOE  CKCCTBEHHOE,
CPABAEE O MAOPAX.
 PMEP 1 - OOHOE OCHEHE. ECTBTEHOE COAEHE APTHEPOB
 COCTOT B TOM, TO BE H - HATPAH CAH-O; OKA A B
 OCHEH CEBEPA. TO OCHEHE BETC HAPEHEM PAB, T.K.
 BOCTOK-AA BPABE OT TOHOE OCHEHE COAEH CEBEPA-
A (EC TO HAPEHE PBEET K EP  BOCTOKA-AAA, C
 OAH PCT KOMEHCP PETAT). EC BOCECTB CEBEP
 OCOHAET CBO OK, OH OEH HEMEEHHO BEOMT C. 
HEO HE OEH EAT  KOPPEK OOHOO OCHEH OKA
POOAETC TOPOB; OCE AKTEHOO ACA , EC OH CTA
PAPBAM  OBAHOM, CEET OBAT C,  OH OEH OPOBOHO
CKOPPEKTPOBAT OCHEHE. EC  CTAHOBTC ATHKOM, OH BBAET
C  KOPPEKTPET OCHEHE OCE OKOHAH POPA.
 PMEP 2 - OOHOE HAHAEHE. COAEHE APTHEPOB COOTBETCTBET
 OCHEH: BE H - CHA  CKCCTBEHHA ABKA; OKA A
 B HAHAEH A. EC HET HAPEH PAB, T.K.BOCTOK-AA
 O TOHOE OCAHE COAEH CEBEPA-A; OH HE MOT
 TPEOBAT TOHOO OCAH PK CEBEPA-A. (BHE ABCMOCT OT EPA
 C OAH OCTABT PETAT; HO P OTCTCTB CBETECTB B
O POTBHOO C OEH CKOPEE OCTT OOHOE OCHEHE,
EM OOHOE HAHAEHE).  HE OEH HEMEEHHO KOPPEKTPOBAT
OCHEHE CEBEPA ( BEOMT C),  HA HEM HET OTBETCTBEHHOCT
EAT TO B AHEEM.
 B OOX PMEPAX , CAB OCHEHE CEBEPA, HAET, TO
 EO HAHAEHE BE H HEPABHO HTEPPETPOBAHO. TO HAHE
 BETC HECAHKOHPOBAHHO HOPMAE (CM.PABO 16A), 
OTOM  OEH T OCTOPOEH B TOM, TO HE OCHOBBAT CBO
AHEE ECTB HA TO HOPMA (EC OH CEAET TO, C OAH
ET PCT KOMEHCP PETAT). HAPMEP, EC CEBEP ABT
2K,  OT HECAHKOHPOBAHH HOPMA, TO TO HAHAEHE
OTPAET HAE ETPEX KAPT B O  MAOPHX MACTE; HO
OTBETCTBEHHOCT A COCTOT B TOM, TO ECTBOBAT, KAK EC  CEBEP CEA
CH EMOB OTK HA CA OTBET, OKABA
MAKCMAHE EHHOCT (**)
 (**)PMEAHE PEAKTOPA: CM. 3-T PAE "OOHEH"

PABO 76. PTE

A. OBEEHE BO BPEM TOPOB  P
 1. TOKO OHA PKA
 PTE HE CEET CMOTPET KAPT, OEE EM OHOO POKA,
 KPOME KAK O PAPEEH.
 2. EPCOHAHA PEAK
 PTE HE OEH BPAAT HKAKX MO O OBO TOPOB
  P B POECCE BCEO POPA CA.
 3. MAHEPHOCT  AMEAH
 BO BPEM TPA PTE OEH BOEPBATC OT MAHEPHOCT 
 AMEAH OO POA (BKA PAOBOP C POKOM).
 4. PEPETEHOCT O OTHOEH K POKAM
 PTE HKAKM OPAOM HE OEH ECOKOT POKA.
B. ACTE PTEE
 PTE HE MOET H PBEKAT BHMAHE H K KAKM-O HAP-
 EH  OKAM, H OTBEAT HA KAKE-O BOPOC O AKTAM
 PABAM, KPOME KAK O TPEOBAH C.


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